"When and Why Do Intergovernmental Grants Crowd-Out Local Spending? Evidence from The Clean Water Act"
with Tucker Smith
Clean Water Act grants led to a dollar for dollar increase in sewerage capital spending, but only up to the point where recieving municipalities were in compliance with new mandates.
"Competitive Grants and Student Achievement: The Effect of Race to the Top Grants"
Test scores increased in states that implemented RTTT reform policies regardless of whether or not they received RTTT grants. These improvements were larger in states that received grants.