"Rivers, Lakes and Revenue Streams: The Heterogeneous Effects of Clean Water Act Grants on Local Spending"  | Journal of Public Economics,  August 2022

CWA grants only fail cost-benefit analyses becaue of low grant pass-through. 

"A Watershed Moment: The Clean Water Act and Infant Health"  |  Journal of Human Resources, May 2023

CWA grants led to small but significant increases in downstream birthweight.